Polityka wyznaniowa. Aspekty teoretyczne i egzemplifikacje
Autorzy: Radosław Zenderowski, Ryszard Michalak
Miejsce i rok wydania: Zielona Góra 2018
Liczba stron: 195
Fragment of abstract (EN):
Confessional policy is primarily a specific kind of public policy of the state, focused on the activity of religious organizations (religious or confessional associations), that is, communities whose purpose is to confess and spread religious faith (within the meaning of each religion), having their own hierarchy, doctrine and worship. The essence of politics is then shaping the relationship of the state with individual religious relationships, but also influencing the relations between them.
In addition, a broad perspective on religious policy allows for a perspective in which the state apparatus takes specific actions towards entities related – directly or indirectly – to religious organizations, precisely because of this relationship. They may be religious parties, parties referring to religion (in their name, program or ideological declaration), as well as associations, foundations, publishing houses and editorial offices of magazines and other organized forms of social activity that have religious connotation and, perhaps more importantly, they are perceived as religious in public space. In special cases, religious individuals associated with religious life may also be a party involved in religious policy.
The religious policy of the state includes activities of a conceptual, program, operational and executive nature, implemented by specialized entities of state power towards religious entities. Under the conditions of a democratic state, they are administrative institutions (independent, e.g. in the form of an office or ministry, or being part of a wider structure, e.g. a department within the ministry) and special services (e.g. monitoring the activities of religious fundamentalists or destructive sects). In authoritarian and totalitarian countries, the subject pursuing denominational policy may be more complex (e.g., apart from state structures, party structures have a decisive status, and extended special services also play a greater role).